Survival Japanese: Japanese numbers

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Japanese Numbers

Japanese numbers are a little complicated, especially in conversation. The pronunciation changes depending on whether it’s a person, object, or situation.

But dont worry, we will start with the basics.

Basic Japanese numbers

NumberKanjiHiraganaPronunciation
0ぜろ / れいZero / Rei
1いちIchi
2Ni
3さんSan
4/よんShi / Yon
5 Go
6ろくRoku
7なな / しちNana / Shichi
8はち Hachi
9きゅう Kyu
10 十 じゅう Ju
100ひゃくHyaku
1000せんSen

You dont have to remember Kanji or Japanese characters, but some restaurants use only Kanji for prices, so it will definitely help if you do.

Next, lets learn numbers for conversation.

As we mentioned earlier, Japanese numbers change depending on whether you’re talking about a person, object or situation.

For example, when you go to a restaurant and the waiter asks Nanmeisama-Desuka? (How many people are you?)”, you should say Futari instead of Ni. When you buy two coffees at a Cafe, you should say Coffee Futatsu Onegaishimasu. If you say Coffee Ni Onegaishimasu”, you will probably confuse them.

We know its really complicated, but if you remember it, it will make your conversations much easier. You dont have to remember every number below, its enough to know your groups’ number of people.

People

NumberKanjiHiraganaPronunciation
1 person一人 ひとり  Hitori
2 person二人 ふたり  Futari
3 person 三人さんにん  Sannin
 4 person 四人 よにん Yonin
5 person 五人ごにん Gonin
 6 person  六人ろくにん  Rokunin
7 person 七人しちにん / ななにん Shichinin / Nananin
8 person  八人はちにん Hachinin
9 person 九人 きゅうにん Kyunin
10 person十人じゅうにん Junin
 100 person 百人 ひゃくにん Hyakunin
1000 person 千人 せんにんSennin


Objects

NumberKanjiHiraganaPronunciation
1一つ / 一個ひとつ / いっこ Hitotsu / Ikko
2 二つ / 二個ふたつ / にこFutatsu / Niko
3三つ / 三個 みっつ / さんこMittsu / Sanko
4四つ / 四個よっつ / よんこYottsu / Yonko
5五つ / 五個いつつ / ごこItsutsu / Goko
6 六つ / 六個むっつ / ろっこMuttsu / Rokko
7七つ / 七個ななつ / ななこNanatsu / Nanako
8八つ / 八個 やっつ / はちこ Yattsu / Hachiko
9 九つ / 九個 ここのつ / きゅうこKokonotsu / Kyuko
10十個じゅっこJukko
100百個ひゃっこHyakko
1000 千個せんこ Senko


Ages

NumberKanjiHiraganaPronunciation
1一歳 いっさいIssai
2 二歳 にさいNisai
3 三歳 さんさいSansai
4 四歳よんさいYonsai
5五歳ごさいGosai
6六歳 ろくさいRokusai
7 七歳 ななさいNanasai
8 八歳 はっさいHassai
9 九歳 きゅうさいKyusai
10 十歳じゅっさい Jussai
20二十歳はたち / にじゅっさい Hatachi / Nijussai
30 三十歳 みそじ / さんじゅっさい Misoji / Sanjussai
40四十歳よんじゅっさいYonjussai
 50五十歳ごじゅっさいGojussai
60六十歳ろくじゅっさい Rokujussai
70七十歳ななじゅっさいNanajussai
80八十歳はちじゅっさいHachijussai
90九十歳きゅうじゅっさいKyujussai
100百歳ひゃくさい Hyakusai

If you are…
18 years old → 十八歳(じゅうはっさい Ju-Hassai
24 years old → 二十四歳(にじゅうよんさい Niju-Yonsai
36 years old → 三十六歳(さんじゅうろくさい Sanju-Rokusai
49 years old→ 四十九歳(よんじゅうきゅうさい Yonju-Kyusai

Just remember your age! 🙂

Months

NumberKanjiHiraganaPronunciation
1一月 いちがつIchigatsu
2 二月にがつNigatsu
3 三月 さんがつSangatsu
4 四月しがつShigatsu
5 五月 ごがつ Gogatsu
6 六月 ろくがつ Rokugatsu
7 七月しちがつ Shichigatsu
8 八月 はちがつ Hachigatsu
9 九月 くがつ Kugatsu
10 十月 じゅうがつ Jugatsu
11 十一月 じゅういちがつ Juichigatsu
12 十二月 じゅうにがつJunigatsu

Days

NumberKanjiHiraganaPronunciation
1一日ついたちTsuitachi
2二日ふつかFutsuka
3三日みっかMikka
4四日よっかYokka
5五日いつかItsuka
6六日むいかMuika
7七日なのかNanoka
8 八日ようかYouka
9 九日ここのかKokonoka
10十日とうかTouka
11 十一日じゅういちにちJu-Ichinichi
20 二十日はつか Hatsuka
22二十二日 にじゅうににちNiju-Ni-Nichi
23三十日 さんじゅうにちSanju-Nichi

Hopefully, this will help you. If you have any questions about Japanese numbers, message us on our Facebook page!

Last updated November 28, 2017